What are The Programming Trends In 2021?

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Mobytelab Team

Mobytelab Team

Posts 5 months ago


Software development and web applications play a key role in modern life nowadays. It has become a crucial aspect of every business while programmers or developers have become a valuable asset and an essential part of the enterprise that helps businesses innovate, emerge and thrive.

In industry 4.0, technology is developing rapidly day by day to support humans in every field of modern life. It’s clear as day that whoever has the arsenal of cutting-edge software technology, will come out on top in this year’s corporate battle. Therefore, seizing the opportunity to approach new programming trends is the smart way to gain more power in the software industry in 2021.

Here are some programming trends in 2021 about cutting-edge software technologies, programming languages, and other areas.

We live in a dynamic digital world where the change in software development is truly a game, not everyone has the ability to track the latest trends. Catching up and having new experiences with these trends will help you take full advantage of the magical technology world and pull up your business.

1. Blockchain

Blockchain is a specific type of database which differs from a typical database in the way it stores information. Blockchains store data in blocks that are then chained together.

Blockchain is easy to record transactions and tracking assets in a business network. An asset can be tangible like a house, car, cash, land, or intangible like intellectual property, patents, copyrights, branding. Virtually anything of value can be tracked and traded on a blockchain network, reducing risk and cutting costs for all involved.

One of the most disruptive technologies of Blockchain is using the Cryptocurrency concept such as a cryptocurrency wallet and a cryptocurrency exchange supporting Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, and Ethereum which help prevent fraud in sensitive transactions. They also provide Bitcoin data charts, stats, and market information.

Some functions are likely to increase in 2021, including use within smart contract platforms. Put it simply, Blockchain provides a two-sided transaction event, each transaction is verified by a decentralized distributed network. It means you will definitely know what data is verified and clear. Some benefits that Blockchain offers in web development:

  • Decreases the financial business expense
  • Increase the numbers of the transaction contract
  • Enhances the cash flow provided by transparent records/data.
  • Smart prediction system
  • High web pages interactivity
  • Data security
  • Safe transactions

2. IoT

The Internet of Things, or IoT, refers to the billions of physical devices around the world that are now connected to the internet, which is a giant network of connected things and people – all of which collect and share data about the way they are used and about the environment around them.

  • The rise of IoT is not going to stop in 2021. IoT includes a huge number of devices from smart home systems, Bluetooth trackers, self-driving cars, point-of-sales beacons, IoT devices for manufacturers and plants, smart wearables for healthcare and fitness.

  • To maximize productiveness IoT should be mixed with AI and big data, but it remains highly trendy. The Internet has changed education, management, healthcare, and even the way we interact with our friends.

  • The matter is that IoT-connected devices create constant data transferring that make it become one of the most powerful web development trends. It allows companies to offer their services to engage with users as fast as possible, creating a personalized experience.

  • One of the most famous IoT device examples is Google Nest smart speakers that allow users to enjoy features like media, alarms, lights, and other functions just with their voice.

  • IoT will also create advanced communication between website layouts and operational models. The trend has a broad intensity of things like sensors, cameras, and signaling equipment. It will ensure to solve client requests more effectively and offer the most relevant responses.

As Statista, IoT is one of the most rapidly emerging technologies in web development. It shows that IoT-connected devices will reach nearly 38.6 billion by 2025.

Statista IoT connected devices forecast

IoT is one of the most powerful tech trends that will shape the future of web development that offers the following benefits:

  • Scalability assures data distribution and collection but doesn’t depend on the volume of data
  • Reliability in providing accurate results without delays and errors
  • Support and powerful security help protect both business and user data

3. Big Data

Big data is a term that describes the large volume of data – both structured and unstructured – that inundates a business on a day-to-day basis.

It can be categorized as unstructured like information that is unorganized and does not fall into a predetermined model or format or structured like information already managed by the organization in databases.

  • Big data can be collected from publicly shared comments on social networks and websites, voluntarily gathered from personal electronics and apps, through questionnaires, product purchases, and electronic check-ins or findings from data analysis, from human resources and technology to marketing and sales.

  • The goal of big data is to increase the speed at which products get to market, to reduce the amount of time and resources required to gain market adoption, target audiences, and to ensure customers remain satisfied.

  • In general, having more data on customers (and potential customers) should allow companies to better tailor products and marketing efforts in order to create the highest level of satisfaction and repeat business.

  • Big data is still among the top trends and investment opportunities. In 2021, a significant part of the job is going to be carried out by the tools that process everything in memory right away instead of storing data after each calculation.

  • Big data is believed to use to facilitate climatic change research and search for new medical cures and used for more natural language processing and easier data governance. However, cybersecurity in this area will remain a challenge.

4. Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a wide-ranging branch of computer science concerned with building smart machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence.

The goals of artificial intelligence include learning, reasoning, and perception.

Weak AI tends to be simple and single-task oriented, while strong AI carries on tasks that are more complex and human-like.

  • AI is still a top technology and will become more powerful, affordable, and widespread, and helps businesses and organizations provide more personalized experiences for customers. Some examples of AI: Siri, Self-driving cars, Robo-advisors, Chatbots, Netflix's recommendations,...

  • The applications for artificial intelligence are endless and the technology can be applied to many different sectors and industries. For instance, AI is being tested and used in the healthcare industry for dosing drugs and different treatments in patients, and for surgical procedures in the operating room

  • AI chatbots help millions of people and lots of businesses perform operations faster by using text or voice chats. No doubt whether the future of web development will support AI-powered chatbots.

  • AI assistants and bots can learn, collect data, or solve difficult issues and it is considered one of the most influential technologies that shape the future of web development. Thus, the community demand for AI-enabled communication will become more widespread in 2021.

AI is expected to gain traction in 2021 as well, given that companies with AI-driven capabilities are likely to succeed.

1. Javascript

JavaScript (JS) is the programming language for the Web that can update and change both HTML and CSS., used both on the client-side and server-side that allows you to make web pages interactive.

It is one of the easiest to learn languages and becoming more popular in demand especially for development beginners in 2021 and forward.

Some reasons for JS’s popularity:

  • Unifying all of web application development around a single programming language, instead of using different languages for server-side and client-side scripts.

  • Using only one programming language to talk to databases, make HTTP requests, generate dynamic content, and create interactive user experiences/interfaces. This led to the Rise of Web Applications.

  • It can be used in both the front-end and back-end of web development frequently updated with new versions.

  • JavaScript works with the document object model, or the DOM( a structure in the browser that displays web pages), to respond to user interactions.

  • Allow websites to have interactivity like scroll transitions and object movement fast that give a better user experience.

  • A wide range of frameworks and libraries are available that help developers create complex applications at a low cost. The application’s functionality can be augmented by importing libraries and frameworks.

In a 2020 survey, JavaScript was identified as the programming language of choice by 70% of respondents.

2. Python

Python is currently a widely-used, interpreted, object-oriented, high-level, and open-source, server-side programming language. It is used in data sciences and in a number of other fields as well widely considered one of the easiest programming languages to learn, its popularity is on the rise.

  • Python with accurate and efficient syntax is used to solve problems in learning and development and is the perfect tool for AI and machine learning and integrates nicely with other programming languages.

  • Its simplified syntax and not complicated, which gives more emphasis on natural language. Python codes can be easily written and executed much faster than other programming languages.

  • Most of the big tech companies (including startups) use Python such as Google, Netflix, Facebook, Instagram, NASA.

  • Python frameworks for data science have made it quick and easy to work with differently-indexed data.

Python was the perfect language for startups that had a hand in the big data boom. It is one of the most popular languages in the world with over 8.2 million developers using it globally. It’s still the fastest-growing programming language and it will likely be the most popular language in the world within the next few years.

3. Kotlin

Kotlin is an open-source programming language with cross-platform and statically typed inference. It is designed for the JVM (Java Virtual Machine).

  • According to Stackoverflow developer Survey 2020, Kotlin is in the top 5 most loved programming languages. Moreover, most ex Java developers who are applicable to Kotlin claim that Kotlin code is more elegant and convenient to write.

  • It reduces the time with converting existing Java code into a single-click tool. It is not easy to learn if you are a beginner at programming.

  • The language is built for the developer with a low learning curve. It helps the programmer to utilize lesser time and less line of code in an application and helps to create an android application with more efficiency than the Java programming language.

  • Google named Kotlin an official language of Android with full support, and a large number of Android users began adopting it.

  • Kotlin improves productivity and the speed of app development while making debugging easier, so expect to see its rise continue.

  • It is widely used in software development for IoT applications, game development, and data analytics – all of which look set to be major areas of focus in 2021 and beyond.

  • Kotlin is used by TikTok, Instagram, Slack, Netflix, and Microsoft OneDrive, and enjoys an impressive 15.99% market share. It has been used in the development of more than 131,000 apps and boasts more than 298 billion downloads worldwide.

Takeaway

The software industry is one of the most competitive industries in the world. The changes are necessary and essential. New technologies are constantly updated and discovered. In previous decades, we have seen the rise and fall of global IT giants, and the same will continue in the upcoming years.

Software development trends will change. Old programming languages will lose their sheen, and new ones will take over. Software programs have revolutionized every industry and have also made the competition ferocious. Companies will have to invest and design new technologies to gain the upper hand and update trends in the coming days. And those that sit idly will have to shut down their business.

These new trends are what make programming an endlessly fascinating profession. Here’s at MobyteLab, we embracing change and being aware of new trends in software development. We believe that it is the best way to stay relevant and marketable. There will be no more wonderful time to experience these future-leading trends with us!

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